Buddhism does not accept your duality, and so has no need to explain it. You are setting up a false dichotomy between "personal" and "impersonal". That dichotomy is false because neither "personal" nor "impersonal" is real. Both are apparent, rather than real. They are convenient place-holders but do not reflect underlying reality.
Originally Posted by Josheb
The Dalai Lama is correct, where science speaks it does so with authority in its area of expertise.
I've been reading recently from the Dalai Lama and his interest in science. He's made some remarkable statements about the need for Buddhism to stay informed and consistent and integrated with science.
You will find that in science, "strict linear causality" breaks down at the quantum level. Science also includes a lot more than just "atomistic materialism", there is Space, Time and Energy as well as Matter. And it is not as solid as it may appear:
Given the current state of science (it's impersonal strictly atomistic materialism and strict linear causality) I think there will be some significant problems.
There are something like ten million million million million million million million million million million million million million million (1 with eighty zeroes after it) particles in the region of the universe that we can observe. Where did they all come from? The answer is that, in quantum theory, particles can be created out of energy in the form of particle/antiparticle pairs. But that just raises the question of where the energy came from. The answer is that the total energy of the universe is exactly zero. The matter in the universe is made out of positive energy. However, the matter is all attracting itself by gravity. Two pieces of matter that are close to each other have less energy than the same two pieces a long way apart, because you have to expend energy to separate them against the gravitational force that is pulling them together. Thus, in a sense, the gravitational field has negative energy. In the case of a universe that is approximately uniform in space, one can show that this negative gravitational energy exactly cancels the positive energy represented by the matter. So the total energy of the universe is zero.
- Hawking, A Brief History of Time