The most numerous flip-flops by the JW's (Romans 10:11)

Fred

Active member
There are quite a few other passages, but from what I have seen Romans 10:11 is the passage the JW's Witnesses have gone back and forth most on. Does the singular "him" refers to Jehovah (their creator) or to Jesus (their creature)?

Citations are from the most recent going to the past. The underlined and boldface below are mine.

Romans 10:11
For the Scripture says, "Everyone who believes in him will not be put to shame." (ESV)

1. The "him" in Romans 10:11 refers to Jesus Christ.
Romans Study Notes—Chapter 10: Paul here shows that a person who exercises faith in Jesus Christ will not experience the shame and disappointment of those whose faith is shown to be in vain. (Romans 10:11, c. 2019)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1001070727

2. The "him" in Romans 10:11 refers to Jehovah.
The Watchtower: We are confident that as long as we fully trust in Jehovah and put his Kingdom first, we will not be disappointed. —Rom. 10:11. ("You Know Neither the Day Nor the Hour", September 15, 2012, page 27)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2012684

3. The "him" in Romans 10:11 refers to Jesus.
The Watchtower: With reference to Jesus, Paul quoted Isaiah’s words: “None that rests his faith on him will be disappointed.” (Rom. 10:11; Isa. 28:16) (There Is Good News That All Need, June 15, 2011, page 11)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2011442

4. The "him" in Romans 10:11 refers to God.
The Watchtower: The apostle Paul wrote: “None that rests his faith on [God] will be disappointed.” (Romans 10:11) (Will We Ever Enjoy Real Security?, November 1, 2004, page 32)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2004808

5. The "him" in Romans 10:11 refers to Jesus.
Survival Into a New Earth: But Jesus' own words reflect a spirit that is reassuring. He warmly invites us: “Come to me, all you who are toiling and loaded down, and I will refresh you. Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am mild-tempered and lowly in heart, and you will find refreshment for your souls. For my yoke is kindly and my load is light.” (Matthew 11:28-30) What an appealing prospect! Those who heed that warm invitation, putting their full confidence in him, will not be disappointed. (Romans 10:11) (Who Leads the Way to Deliverance?, January 1, 1984, page 70)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1101984329

6. The "him" in Romans 10:11 refers to God.
Kingdom Ministry—1981: Help the householder to see how the material contained in the magazines along with the Bible can build faith in God and his sure promises of a new earth.—Rom. 10:11. (Presenting the Good News—By Returning to Visit New Subscribers, October 1981, page 8)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/201981369

7. The "him" in Romans 10:11 refers to Jesus.
The Watchtower: Romans 10:9 definitely refers to Jesus Christ as Lord, and the quotation from Isaiah 28:16 found in Romans 10:11, "None that rests his faith on him will be disappointed," also applies to Jesus. (Questions From Readers, February 1, 1977, page 95)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1977090

8. The "him" in Romans 10:11 refers to Jehovah God, the God of truth.
The Watchtower: Jehovah God, the God of truth, has given us his solemn “word,” and “none that rests his faith on him will be disappointed.” (Rom. 10:11) (A Solid Basis for Confidence, July 15, 1976, page 443)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1976525

9. The "him" in Romans 10:11 refers to Jesus Christ.
The Watchtower: Time would fail us to bear witness to Jesus Christ and tell all that he means to us as members of the fallen human family. Never will we be disappointed in him. "For the Scripture says: 'None that rests his faith on him will be disappointed.'" (Rom. 10:11; Isa. 28:16) (Why We Need the Kingdom of Jesus Christ, April 15, 1976, page 245)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1976284

10. The "him" in Romans 10:11 refers to Jehovah.
The Watchtower: Be a worshiper of Jehovah. In unity with other worshipers of Jehovah, acknowledge with thanks your own faith in Jehovah and you will never be disappointed. "For the Scripture says" 'None that rests his faith on him will be disappointed.' For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek, for there is the same Lord over all, who is rich to all those calling upon him. For ‘everyone who calls on the name of Jehovah will be saved.’” —Rom. 10:11-13 (Assemblies After the Death of Christ, July 1, 1971, page 402-403)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1971483
 
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Fred

Active member
Here is another example:

The boldface below is mine.

2 Timothy 2:13
If we are faithless, He remains faithful, for He cannot deny Himself. (NASB)

1. 2 Timothy 2:13 refers to God.
The Watchtower: God "cannot deny himself." (2 Timothy 2:13) (The Great Issue - What Is It?, March 1, 1991, page 5)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1991160

2. 2 Timothy 2:13 refers to Chris Jesus.
Awake!: Christ Jesus is loyal to his own sense of worth, unswayed by the failings of others. "If we are unfaithful, he remains faithful, for he cannot deny himself." - 2 Tim. 2:13. (Seven Deadly Sins and the Antidote for Them, September 22, 1979, page 3)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/101979681

3. 2 Timothy 2:13 refers to God.
The Watchtower: But regardless of what man would do, God would remain faithful, for he cannot deny himself.—2 Tim. 2:13. (Never Failing Our God in This Time of the End, December 1, 1963, page 734)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1963887

4. 2 Timothy 2:13 refers to Jesus.
The Watchtower: Copy Jesus, who holds true to what he is, unchanged by the weaknesses of those around him: "If we are unfaithful, he remains faithful, for he cannot deny himself." - 2 Tim. 2:13, NW (Stop Evil, Start Good, July 15, 1956, page 420)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1956520

5. 2 Timothy 2:13 refers to Jehovah God.
The Watchtower: Only Jehovah God is to be worshiped and feared. "It is Jehovah your God you must worship, and it is to him alone you must render sacred service." And he brooks no rivals, for he "is a God exacting exclusive devotion." For him to tolerate rivals would be for him to deny his supremacy, which he cannot do - Matt. 4:10; Deut. 6:14; 2 Tim. 2:13, NW. (Ancestor Worship - Its Folly, June 15, 1954, page 362)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1954442
 

Fred

Active member
Colossians 3:20
Children, obey your parents in all things: for this is well pleasing unto the Lord (KJV)

The "Lord" refers to the Lord Jesus Christ.
The Watchtower: Another Bible text says that it is "well-pleasing" to our Lord Jesus Christ. Indeed, God commands you to obey your parents. - Colossians 3:20 ("Children, Be Obedient to Your Parents", February 15, 2007, page 23)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2007126

The "Lord" refers to Jehovah.
The Watchtower: You surely know, too, that Jehovah is pleased when you obey your parents. (Colossians 3:20) (Young People, Praise Jehovah!, June 15, 2005, page 23).
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2005445

The "Lord" refers to the Lord Jesus.
The Watchtower: Jehovah’s counsel to you children in religiously divided families is: “Be obedient to your parents in everything, for this is well-pleasing in the Lord.” (Colossians 3:20) Notice that the Lord Jesus is brought into the matter. (Godly Obedience in a Religiously Divided Family, June 1, 1995, page 28)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1995404

The "Lord" refers to Jehovah.
The Watchtower: But to Christian children the inspired Word of God says: “You children, be obedient to your parents in everything, for this is well-pleasing in the Lord.” (Colossians 3:20) Respect for parental authority pleases Jehovah and brings his blessing. (The Christian View of Authority, July 1, 1994, page 22)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1994484

The "Lord" refers to the Lord Jesus.
The Watchtower: “Be obedient to your parents in everything, for this is well-pleasing in the Lord.” (Col. 3:20) As firm advocators of the Bible, Jehovah’s witnesses constantly urge youths to follow that divine advice. However, the fact that the Lord Jesus is brought into the matter shows that obedience to parents is not absolute. (Questions From Readers, November 1, 1973, page 671)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1973808
 
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Fred

Active member
John 7:18
Whoever speaks of his own originality is seeking his own glory; but whoever seeks the glory of the one who sent him, this one is true and there is no unrighteousness in him. (New World Translation)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/l/r1/lp-e?q=John+7%3A18

1. In 1963 the Jehovah's Witnesses affirmed the one who is true and has no unrighteousness in him refers to the Lord Jesus.
a. The Watchtower: Christ Jesus was the very essence of maturity, possessing all the characteristics of a mature Son of God. Not only did he always speak truth, but he demonstrated loyalty and truth in his actions and deeds. (Rev. 3:7; Acts 4:27) The ever-present quality of righteousness was exhibited by him, as recorded at Hebrews 1:9, where it states: “You loved righteousness, and you hated lawlessness. That is why God, your God, anointed you with the oil of exultation.”
He certainly possessed the qualities of truth, as stated further: “He was full of undeserved kindness and truth.” (John 1:14) He was unselfish in every respect because he never sought his own glory but sought the glory of the one who sent him, and he was unequivocally loyal and there was not an unrighteous thought in him. (John 7:18). (Maturity, a Christian Requirement, July 1, 1963, page 398)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1963484

2. In 1977 the Jehovah's Witnesses affirmed the one who is true and has no unrighteousness in him refers to the Father, Jehovah God.
a. Awake!: JESUS CHRIST said of his Father, Jehovah God: "This one is true, and there is no unrighteousness in him." (John 7:18) (Did God Create the Devil?, May 8, 1977, page 27)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/101977331

3. In 1999 the Jehovah's Witnesses once again affirmed that no unrighteousness in him refers to the Lord Jesus.
b. The Watchtower: Jesus said: “What I teach is not mine, but belongs to him that sent me. He that speaks of his own originality is seeking his own glory; but he that seeks the glory of him that sent him, this one is true, and there is no unrighteousness in him.”—John 7:16, 18
Unlike the writer of Psalm 119, there was "no unrighteousness" in Jesus. (How Much Do You Love God's Word?, November 1, 1999, page 13)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1999803
 

Fred

Active member
1 Peter 2:25
For you were like sheep going astray, but now you have returned to the shepherd and overseer of your souls. (New World Translation)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/l/r1/lp-e?q=1+Peter+2%3A25

1. 1 Peter 2:25 is in reference to the God of eternity/the Ancient of Days.
The Watchtower: He, as the God of eternity and the "Ancient of Days," is the Chief Elder, the Great Shepherd and Overseer of our souls. (1 Pet. 2:25) His example is always the right one to follow. (Divine Mercy Points the Way Back for Erring Ones, August 1, 1974, page 463)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1974564

2. The overseer in 1 Peter 2:25 refers to Jesus.
The Watchtower: Jesus' disciples were grateful for his fellowship. Though they called him Lord and Master, he proved himself to be a fellow worker. He was their overseer, but one who set the example for them by sharing right along with them in the work that was to be done. (1 Pet. 2:25) (Giving Encouragement to Others, July 15, 1963, page 434).
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1963523

3. 1 Peter 2:25 is in reference to God.
The Watchtower: His faithful Christian servants are like sheep once having gone astray but who have now returned to God the shepherd and overseer of their souls. (Ps. 23:1, AS; 1 Pet. 2:25, NW) (Shadows Out of the Past, July 15, 1952, page 440)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1952527
 

Fred

Active member
1 John 3:3
And everyone who has this hope fixed on Him purifies himself, just as He is pure. (NASB)

1. "He is pure" refers to Jehovah.
The Watchtower: John urged his fellow believers to 'purify themselves just as Jehovah is pure.'1 John 3:3 ('Like a Precious Red-Colored Stone,' March 15, 2005, page 31)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2005210

2. "He is pure" refers to Jesus.
The Watchtower: Jesus, who is "pure," is the perfect Example for us to consider.—James 3:17; 1 John 3:3 (Combating Sin's Grip on the Fallen Flesh, June 15, 1994, page 16)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1994443

3. "He is pure" refers to God.
The Watchtower: To help us to get out of uncleanness and stay out of it, we need to make God our model or standard of purity or chasteness. Said the aged apostle John to Christians who had the heavenly call: “Beloved ones, now we are children of God, but as yet it has not been made manifest what we shall be. We do know that whenever he is made manifest we shall be like him, because we shall see him just as he is. And everyone who has this hope set upon him purifies himself just as that one is pure.”—1 John 3:2, 3. (How the Organization Should View Chasteness, November 15, 1964, page 695)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1964845

4. "He is pure" refers to Christ Jesus.
The Watchtower: There is so much to hope for, so much to keep the mind looking ahead; for the anointed remnant: heavenly glory, incorruptibility and the sublime privilege of reigning as kings and priests and judges for a thousand years with the new world’s King, Christ Jesus, seeing him "just as he is"! (1 John 3:2, 3, NW; 1 Cor. 15:53, 54; Rev. 20:4, 6) (Endurance Through Hope, August 15, 1954, page 509)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1954605
 

Fred

Active member
Revelation 22:12
Behold, I am coming quickly, and My reward is with Me, to render to every man according to what he has done. (NASB)

1. The speaker in Revelation 22:12 is Jehovah.
Insight on the Scriptures: Jehovah is coming with his reward
22:12 (Isaiah, Book of, c. 2018, page 1223)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1200002205

2. The speaker in Revelation 22:12 is Christ Jesus.
The Watchtower: In the last book of the Bible, the glorified Christ Jesus stresses the suddenness of his coming, saying: "I am coming quickly." (Revelation 3:11; 22:7, 12, 20) (Prove Yourself Ready for Jehovah's Day, December 15, 2003, page 22)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2003924

3. The speaker in Revelation 22:12 is Jehovah.
The Watchtower: Jehovah himself states: "Look! I am coming quickly, and the reward I give is with me, to render to each one as his work is.” (Revelation 22:12) (Be Happy Readers of the Book of Revelation, December 1, 1999, page 19)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1999883

4. The speaker in Revelation 22:12 is Jesus.
The Watchtower: Also, in his final revelation concerning “the things that must shortly take place,” Jesus again stresses the suddenness with which he comes:
“I am coming to you quickly . . . I am coming quickly. Keep on holding fast what you have.”—Rev. 2:16; 3:11.
“Look! I am coming quickly. . . . Look! I am coming quickly, and the reward I give is with me. . . . Yes; I am coming quickly.” (Rev. 22:7, 12, 20) ("Keep on the Watch", October 1, 1978, page 15)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1978724
 

Fred

Active member
2 Peter 3:14
Therefore, beloved ones, since you are awaiting these things, do your utmost to be found finally by him spotless and unblemished and in peace. (New World Translation)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/l/r1/lp-e?q=2+Peter+3%3A14

1. The "him" in 2 Peter 3:14 refers to God.
The Watchtower: In about 64 C.E., as the end of his life was approaching, Peter encouraged his fellow believers: “Do your utmost to be found finally by [God] spotless and unblemished and in peace.” (2 Peter 1:14; 3:14) (Choices That Lead to Happiness, October 1, 2007, page 6)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2007721

2. The "him" in 2 Peter 3:14 refers to the Lord Jesus Christ.
Choosing the Best Way of Life: The apostle Peter admonished: “Beloved ones, since you are awaiting these things, do your utmost to be found finally by him spotless and unblemished and in peace.” (2 Peter 3:14) As God’s servants, our concern is to be approved by the Lord Jesus Christ, not being spotted or blemished by worldly attitudes, ways and actions. (January 1, 1979, page 186)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1101979011

3. The "him" in 2 Peter 3:14 refers to God.
The Watchtower: Wise, indeed, are those who take lifesaving action, ‘doing their utmost to be found finally by God spotless, unblemished and in peace.’—2 Pet. 3:10-14. (Insight on the News, February 15, 1978, page 7)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1978123
 

Fred

Active member
James 2:7
Do not they blaspheme the fine name by which you were called? (New World Translation)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/l/r1/lp-e?q=James+2%3A7

1. The singular "name" in James 2:7 refers to God.
Insight on the Scriptures: Similar to the Greek word for good (a·ga·thosʹ) is another word, ka·losʹ. The latter denotes that which is intrinsically good, beautiful, well adapted to its circumstances or ends (as fine ground, or soil; Mt 13:8, 23), and that which is of fine quality, including that which is ethically good, right, or honorable (as God's name; Jas 2:7). (Goodness, January 2018 printing, page 986)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1200001742

2. The singular "name" in James 2:7 refers to Christ.
The Watchtower: James identifies the truly rich and urges that love be shown to all impartially. (James 2:5-9) ‘God has chosen the poor to be rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom.’ This is so because the poor are often more responsive to the good news. (1 Corinthians 1:26-29) As a class, the materially rich oppress others with regard to debts, wages, and legal actions. They speak evil of Christ and persecute us because we bear his name. (Faith Moves Us to Action!, November 15, 1997, page 14)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1997843

3. The singular "name" in James 2:7 refers to God.
Aid to Bible Understanding: Similar to the Greek word for good (a·ga·thosʹ) is another word, ka·losʹ. The latter denotes that which is intrinsically good, beautiful, well adapted to its circumstances or ends (as fine ground or soil; Matt. 13:8, 23), and that which is of fine quality, including that which is ethically good, right or honorable (as God's name; Jas. 2:7). (Goodness, January 1, 1971, page 677)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1200011697
 

Fred

Active member
Hebrews 10:37
For, In just a little while, He who is coming will come and will not delay. (Berean Study Bible)

1. The "He" refers to the Lord Jesus Christ.
The Watchtower: “Respecting the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being gathered together to him, we request of you not to be quickly shaken from your reason nor to be excited either through an inspired expression or through a verbal message or through a letter as though from us, to the effect that the day of Jehovah is here. Let no one seduce you in any manner, because it will not come unless the apostasy comes first and the man of lawlessness gets revealed.”—2 Thessalonians 2:1-3.
This did not mean that they could be casual about Jesus' presence and the end of the system. With each passing year, Jesus’ warning became ever more poignant: “Keep on the watch, therefore, because you do not know on what day your Lord is coming.”
Thus, about five years after writing Second Thessalonians, Paul wrote: “It is already the hour for you to awake from sleep, for now our salvation is nearer than at the time when we became believers. The night is well along; the day has drawn near. Let us therefore put off the works belonging to darkness and let us put on the weapons of the light.” (Romans 13:11, 12) After five more years, Paul advised Hebrew Christians: “You have need of endurance, in order that, after you have done the will of God, you may receive the fulfillment of the promise. For yet ‘a very little while,’ and 'he who is coming will arrive and will not delay'" (Hebrews 10:36, 37) Then, in the penultimate verse of Revelation, the apostle John wrote: “He that bears witness of these things says, 'Yes; I am coming quickly.' Amen! Come, Lord Jesus."‘—Revelation 22:20. (Questions From Readers, October 1, 1989, paragraphs 6-8, page 30)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1989729

2. The "He" refers to God.
The Watchtower: For yet ‘a very little while,’ and ‘he who is coming will arrive and will not delay.’” (Heb. 10:36, 37) Can we endure “yet ‘a very little while’” longer? If we do so, then God, "he who is coming," will arrive on time and fulfill his promise to us. (The Promise Fulfilled to Doers of God's Will, December 15, 1976, page 751-752)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1976924

3. The "He" refers to Christ Jesus.
The Watchtower: “For yet ‘a very little while,’ and 'he who is coming will arrive and will not delay.'" (Heb. 10:37) There has been no delay in the arrival of Christ Jesus. His second presence has been made manifest since 1914. (How Strong Is Your Faith?, January 1, 1963, page 16)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1963002
 

Fred

Active member
1 John 2:3
And by this we realize that we have come to know him, namely, if we continue observing his commandments. (New World Translation)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/l/r1/lp-e?q=1+John+2%3A3

A. know him
1. In 1 John 2:3 the singular "him" refers to God.
The Watchtower: We "know God" when we know his likes, dislikes, and standards. We also show that we know him when we love and obey him and give him our exclusive devotion. (1 John 2:3-5; 5:3) (Armageddon Is Good News!, Study Article 36, September 2019, page 12)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2019561

2. In 1 John 2:3 the singular "him" refers to Jesus.
The Watchtower: “By this we have the knowledge that we have come to know [Jesus], namely, if we continue observing his commandments." (1 John 2:3) It is clear, then, that the key to being rescued from sin and death is that we have faith in Christ’s ransom and obey Christ's commands. (How Jesus' Death Can Save You, March 1, 2008, page 7)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2008161

B. his commandments
3. In 1 John 2:3 the singular "his" refers to God.
The Watchtower: The Bible says that we can show our appreciation for what God has done for us by "observing his commandments." (1 John 2:3) (How You Can Live in a New World, No. 2, 2021, page 11)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2021086

4. In 1 John 2:3 the singular "his" refers to Jesus Christ.
The Watchtower: “By this we have the knowledge that we have come to know [Jesus], namely, if we continue observing his commandments.” (1 John 2:3) It is clear, then, that the key to being rescued from sin and death is that we have faith in Christ’s ransom and obey Christ's commands. (How Jesus' Death Can Save You, March 1, 2008, page 7)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2008161

6. In 1 John 2:3 the singular "his" refers to God.
The Watchtower: “And by this we have the knowledge that we have come to know him, namely, if we continue observing his commandments.”—1 John 2:3...These servants of God love him and want to do his will. That is why they have dedicated their lives to carrying out his commandments, observing his laws. However, at times there may be some who fail to appreciate fully what it means to "continue observing his [God's] commandments." ("Continue Observing His Commandments", September 15, 1974, page 566)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1974687


1 John 2:4
The one who says, “I have come to know him,” and yet does not observe his commandments is a liar, and the truth is not in this person. (New World Translation)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/l/r1/lp-e?q=1+John+2%3A4

1. The singular pronouns in 1 John 2:4 refer to God.
The Watchtower: The love of God means to observe his commandments. (1 John 2:4; 5:2, 3) (The Beloved John Writes About Love, November 1, 1976, page 669)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1976807

2. The singular pronouns in 1 John 2:4 refers to Jesus Christ the Son of God and the Father.
The Watchtower: Similarly, a person may acknowledge that Jesus Christ exists and that he is the Son of God who sacrificed his life for the world of mankind. But that is not the full extent of "knowing" the Son of God. According to Jesus’ own words, he has been given “authority over all flesh.” (John 17:2) So the person who really knows Jesus Christ as having such authority shows this by obeying his commands. (John 14:15; 15:10) As the apostle John called to the attention of fellow believers: “By this we have the knowledge that we have come to know him, namely, if we continue observing his commandments. He that says: ‘I have come to know him,’ and yet is not observing his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in this person.” (1 John 2:3, 4) Since Jesus’ commands actually originated with his Father, knowing or recognizing the Son as one deserving obedience also means knowing or recognizing the Father as being one deserving of full submission.—John 7:16-18; 14:10. (Getting to Know God, February 15, 1975, page 117-118)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1975125

3. The singular pronouns in 1 John 2:4 refer to God.
The Watchtower: Yes, one’s actions reveal how well one knows God. A Christian writer commented on this when he said: “And by this we have the knowledge that we have come to know him [that is, God, as referred to in 1 John 1:5], namely, if we continue observing his commandments. He that says: ‘I have come to know him,’ and yet is not observing his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in this person.” (1 John 2:3, 4) So, for one to know God means more than merely being a religious churchgoer. (Have Your Really Come to Know God?, July 15, 1974, page 434)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1974525
 
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Fred

Active member
1 John 2:5
But whoever does observe his word, in this person the love of God has truly been made perfect. By this we know that we are in union with him. (New World Translation)

1. The singular "his" refers to the Son (Jesus).
Insight on the Scriptures: The apostle John shows that God’s love is made perfect in Christians who remain in union with Him, observing the word of his Son and loving one another. (1 Jo 2:5; 4:11-18) (Perfection, January 2018 printing, page 605)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1200003440

2. The singular "his" refers to God.
The Watchtower: "Whoever does observe his [God's] word, truthfully in this person the love of God has been made perfect," said the apostle John. (1 John 2:5) (Questions From Readers, October 1, 2004, page 29)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2004726

3. The singular "his" refers to the Son (Jesus).
Aid to Bible Understanding: The apostle John shows that God’s love is made perfect in Christians who remain in union with Him, observing the word of his Son and loving one another. (1 John 2:5; 4:11-17) (Perfection, January 1, 1971, page 1288)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1200013360


1 John 2:6
The one who says he remains in union with him is himself under obligation to go on walking just as that one walked. (New World Translation)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/l/r1/lp-e?q=1+John+2%3A6

A. in union with him
1. The singular "him" refers to God.
The Watchtower: “He that says he remains in union with [God] is under obligation himself also to go on walking just as that one [Jesus] walked.”—1 John 2:6 (Go On Walking as Jesus Christ Walked, September 15, 2005, page 21)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2005686

2. The singular "him" refers to Jesus.
Awake!: The Bible answers: "He that says he remains in union with [Jesus] is under obligation himself also to go on walking just as that one walked." (1 John 2:6) (Religious Unity in Marriage - Why Important, August 8, 1999, page 20).
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/101999564

3. The singular "him' refers to Jehovah.
Aid to Bible Understanding: Since Christ Jesus is God’s Chief Representative, who always listens to Jehovah’s voice and speaks what Jehovah directs, the one following Christ will be in union with Jehovah.—John 5:19; 1 John 2:6. (Voice, January 1, 1971, page 1640)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1200014461

4. The singular "him" refers to Christ Jesus.
The Watchtower: By his profession of Christianity he says he is in union with his own head, Christ Jesus, and accordingly, to quote 1 John 2:6, “he that says he remains in union with him is under obligation himself also to go on walking just as that one walked.” (Husbands, Assume Your Responsibilities of Headship, February 15, 1968, page 109)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1968124
 

Fred

Active member
1 John 3:2
Beloved ones, we are now children of God, but it has not yet been made manifest what we will be. We do know that when he is made manifest we will be like him, because we will see him just as he is. (New World Translation)

There are 4 instances of the singular pronoun. The Jehovah's Witnesses have made a mess as to whether or not they refer to the Father or to the Lord Jesus.

1. Jesus ("be like him")
Philippians Study Notes—Chapter 3: They will receive spirit bodies that are incorruptible, having immortality. (1Co 15:42-44, 53; see study note on 1Co 15:38.) In that way, their humble, imperfect human body will be replaced with one that is “like” (lit., “conformed to”) Christ's glorious body.—Ro 8:14-18; 1J3:2. (Philippians 3:21)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1001070777

2. Jehovah ("see him just as he is")
Matthew Study Notes—Chapter 5: When resurrected to spirit life, anointed Christians will actually see Jehovah "just as he is."1Jo 3:2. (See Matthew 5:8)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1001070605

3. God (All 4 singular pronouns are in reference to God)
The Watchtower: 3:2—What has “not been made manifest” to anointed Christians, and whom shall they see “just as he is”? What has not been made manifest to them is what they shall be like when they are resurrected to heaven with spirit bodies. (Phil. 3:20, 21) However, what they do know is that “whenever [God] is made manifest [they] shall be like him, because [they] shall see him just as he is,” that is, “the Spirit.”—2 Cor. 3:17, 18. (Highlights From the Letters of John and of Jude, December 15, 2008, page 27)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2008926

4. God ("like him"; "see him just as he is")
The Watchtower: Jesus helped his early followers to enjoy a personal relationship with God. Thus, when the apostle John wrote about his anticipated resurrection to heavenly life, John observed: “We shall be like [God] because we shall see him just as he is.” (1 John 3:2; 1 Corinthians 15:44) (Youths Who Remember Their Creator, December 1, 1996, page 16)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1996884

5. Christ ("he is made manifest")
The Watchtower: In his first letter, John warns against “antichrist,” and tells Christians to remain in union with Christ while awaiting His “presence” and His manifestation. (1 John 2:18, 28; 3:2) (Happy Are Those Found Watching!, December 1, 1984, page 12)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1984882

6. God ("he is made manifest"; "see him just as he is")
The Watchtower: But in these words John was speaking to Christians who had been anointed with holy spirit and called to heavenly life. (1 John 2:20) Thus, he went on to say: “As yet it has not been made manifest what we shall be. We do know that whenever he [God] is made manifest we shall be like him, because we shall see him just as he is."1 John 3:2. (Serve with Eternity in View, June 15, 1974, page 376)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1974446

7. Jesus (All 4 singular pronouns are in reference to Jesus)
The Watchtower: Yes, only those who have put faith in God and in Christ’s ransom sacrifice, and who have dedicated themselves to the doing of God’s will and who then have had awakened in them, upon the basis of their study of the Scriptures and God’s dealings with them, a hope of sharing heavenly glory with Christ Jesus, and regarding whom the apostle John wrote: “Beloved ones, now we are children of God, but as yet it has not been made manifest what we shall be. We do know that whenever he is made manifest we shall be like him, because we shall see him just as he is.”—Rom. 8:16; 1 John 3:2, NW. (Memorializing Christ's Death, March 1, 1953, page 154-155)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1953167

8. God ("see him"; "be like him")
The Watchtower: They also knew that eventually they would see God and be like him, whenever they would be raised as spirit creatures to reign with Christ: “Beloved ones, now we are children of God, but as yet it has not been made manifest what we shall be. We do know that whenever he is made manifest we shall be like him, because we shall see him just as he is.”—Heb. 1:3; 1 John 3:2, NW. (Questions From Readers, April 1, 1951, page 224)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1951247



The Jehovah's Witness make it worse for themselves with their own affirmation concerning "when he is made manifest" (other Bibles may read "when He appears").
The Watchtower: At times the conscientious translator may feel justified in adding a word or two to make the meaning clear. However, there is always the danger, when this is done, of misleading the reader. Thus in an attempt to aid the reader the translator of Today's English Version replaced "he" with Christ at 1 John 3:2. However, in this he erred, for Jehovah God and not Jesus Christ is here referred to, even as is clear from the preceding verse 1Jo 3:1. (Choosing a Modern Bible Translation, June 1, 1969, page 331)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1969402

In 1969 the JW's affirmed it would be "misleading the reader" that "he" refers to Jesus Christ. They insist that it does not refer to Jesus. But then in 1984 (see #5 above) they insist that it does refer to Jesus!
 
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Fred

Active member
Unless I know of other examples where the JW's have gone back and forth these will be my last three posts showing where this has taken place.
Unlike the above passages in the previous posts the remaining passages will show only one time they have switched as to whom it is in reference to.

Acts 22:16
Now why do you delay? Get up and be baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on His name. (NASB, 1995)
1. The Jehovah's Witnesses affirmed that the singular 'His' refers to the Lord Jesus.
The Watchtower: And Ananias urged Saul of Tarsus: “Rise, get baptized and wash your sins away by your calling upon [Jesus'] name." (Acts 22:12-16). (What Prevents You From Getting Baptized?, January 15, 1989, page 12)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1989043

2. The Jehovah's Witnesses affirmed that the singular 'His' refers to Jehovah God.
The Watchtower: When Ananias came to Saul on his third day of blindness, he explained how Jehovah God was adequately qualifying Saul for the ministry of the new covenant. “He said: ‘The God of our forefathers has chosen you to come to know his will and to see the righteous One and to hear the voice of his mouth, because you are to be a witness for him to all men of things you have seen and heard. And now why are you delaying? Rise, get baptized and wash your sins away by your calling upon his name." (Acts 22:14-16, NW) “And immediately there fell from his eyes what looked like scales, and he recovered sight, and he rose and was baptized,” and he was “filled with holy spirit.” (Acts 9:17, 18, NW) He washed his sins away in the cleansing blood of the Mediator of the new covenant by calling upon the name of the great Author of the new covenant, Jehovah God, who had covenanted to forgive iniquity and remember sin no more.—Heb. 9:14-26. (Qualified to Be Ministers, November 1, 1955, page 659)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1955808


Ephesians 6:9
And masters, do the same things to them, and give up threatening, knowing that both their Master and yours is in heaven, and there is no partiality with Him. (NASB)
1. The Jehovah's Witnesses teach that the Master in heaven is used in reference to Jehovah.
The Watchtower: An employer should never feel that he is above a fellow believer who works for him but should remember that both are slaves of Jehovah, equal in His sight. (Ephesians 6:9) (Maintaining Christian Unity in Business Relationships, November 15, 1986, page 17)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1986844

2. The Jehovah's Witnesses teach that the Master in heaven is used in reference to the Lord Jesus.
Awake!: Jesus is at the right hand of God (Rom. 8:34; Eph. 1:20; Col. 3:1); that he was highly exalted (Phil. 2:9-11; Heb. 7:26); that he is in the heavens. (Ephesians 6:9; Phil. 3:20; Heb. 4:14) (Did Jesus Really Ascend into Heaven?, September 22, 1972, page 6)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/101972681


Colossians 1:22
he has now reconciled by means of that one’s fleshly body through his death, in order to present you holy and unblemished and open to no accusation before him— (New World Translation)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/l/r1/lp-e?q=Colossians+1%3A22
1. The Jehovah's Witnesses apply the singular 'him' in reference to the Lord Jesus.
The Watchtower: They have faith that Jesus Christ is God's Son and is their Lord whose words and examples they must follow unswervingly. That they may be "open to no accusation before him,” they do like the Colossians: they “continue in the faith, established on the foundation and steadfast.” The apostle Paul told the Colossian Christians that he rejoiced at "the firmness of your faith toward Christ." (Col. 1:22, 23; 2:5) (Telling of the Good News Bearing Fruit World Wide, November 15, 1973, page 692)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1973843

2. The Jehovah's Witnesses apply the singular 'him' in reference to God.
The Watchtower: But now, having put faith in Jesus’ sacrifice and with our minds no longer on works that are wicked, we stand basically in a “holy and unblemished” state, "open to no accusation before [God]." (Colossians 1:21, 22) (Jehovah Can Make You Powerful, December 15, 1994, page 12)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1994924
 
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Fred

Active member
1 John 2:27
And as for you, the anointing that you received from him remains in you, and you do not need anyone to be teaching you; but the anointing from him is teaching you about all things and is true and is no lie. Just as it has taught you, remain in union with him. (New World Translation)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/l/r1/lp-e?q=1+John+2%3A27
1. The singular "him" refers to Jesus.
The Watchtower: Jesus encouraged them to remain in union with him, just as branches remain attached to a vine, in order to bear much fruit. Unless this precious union with Christ Jesus is maintained, the branches “can do nothing at all.”—John 14:10, 11, 20; 15:4, 5; 1 John 2:27. (Unitedly Pursuing the Goal of Life, February 15, 1986, page 12)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1986124

2. The singular "him" refers to God.
All Scripture Is Inspired of God and Beneficial: Just as in the closing years of the first century of the Common Era, so today there are “many antichrists” against whom true Christians must be warned. These true Christians must hold fast to ‘the message which they heard from the beginning, have love for one another,’ and remain in union with God and the true teaching, practicing righteousness with freeness of speech. (2:18; 3:11; 2:27-29) (Bible Book Number 62—1 John, January 1, 1983, page 258).
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1101990123

1 John 3:6
Everyone remaining in union with him does not practice sin; no one who practices sin has either seen him or come to know him. (New World Translation)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/l/r1/lp-e?q=1+John+3%3A6
A. in union with him
1. The Jehovah's Witnesses teach "in union with him" refers to God.
Insight on the Scriptures: Far from being mere dogmatism, John had shown that he and other true Christians were manifesting the fruits of God's spirit, primarily love, and were proving by their right conduct and truthful speech that they were indeed "walking in the light" in union with God1 Jo 1:5-7; 2:3-6, 9-11, 15-17, 29; 3:1, 2, 6, 9-18, 23, 24; contrast Tit 1:16. (Inspiration, January 2018 printing, page 1207)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1200002178

2. The Jehovah's Witnesses teach "in union with him" refers to Jesus Christ.
The Watchtower: "Everyone remaining in union with him [Jesus Christ] does not practice sin." (1 John 3:6) (Questions From Readers, April 15, 1970, page 256)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1970285

B. know him
1. The Jehovah's Witnesses teach to "know him" refers to God.
Insight on the Scriptures: Such ones come to know God, and really knowing him means to love him and stick to his sovereignty. The apostle John writes: "Everyone remaining in union with him does not practice sin; no one that practices sin has either seen him or come to know him." And, "He that does not love has not come to know God, because God is love." (1 Jo 3:6; 4:8) (Sovereignty, January 2018 printing, page 1010)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1200004195

2. The Jehovah's Witnesses teach to "know him" refers to Jesus Christ.
The Watchtower: The apostle John pointed this out when he wrote regarding the effect of knowing Jesus Christ: "Everyone remaining in union with him does not practice sin; no one that practices sin has either seen him or come to know him."— 1 John 3:6 (Why Meditate?, March 15, 1977, page 166)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1977201
 
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Fred

Active member
Revelation 18:4
And I heard another voice out of heaven say: “Get out of her, my people, if you do not want to share with her in her sins, and if you do not want to receive part of her plagues. (New World Translation)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/l/r1/lp-e?q=Revelation+18%3A4
1. The Jehovah's Witnesses affirmed that the "my" in my people refers to God.
Awake!: “Get out of her, my people, if you do not want to share with her in her sins, and if you do not want to receive part of her plagues.” (Revelation 18:4) It is evident that God himself is here speaking to his people. (One Religion Will Remain, November 8, 1996, page 8)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/101996803

2. The Jehovah's Witnesses affirmed that the "my" in my people refers to the Lord Jesus.
The Watchtower: “Get out of her, my people, if you do not want to share with her in her sins, and if you do not want to receive part of her plagues.” (Rev. 18:4, NW) This command of the earth's new King is similar to the command expressed at Isaiah 49:9: “Say to the prisoners, Go forth.” Do not forget the word of Jehovah concerning his Son: "Listen to him." Those who do not will be cut off from among the people.
Keep in mind Jehovah does not threaten, for there is no need for him to do so. With him is complete knowledge, “declaring the end from the beginning.” (Isa. 46:10) However, he does warn persons of coming disasters, for he knows what the inevitable end is bound to be from the course of action being taken. In these last days he has clearly shown that “Babylon the great has fallen”. The great satanic organization is to be utterly destroyed. This determination of Jehovah God is irrevocable. Therefore what will the supporters of this wicked organization now do? There is only one thing to do: “Repent, therefore, and turn around so as to get your sins blotted out.” (Acts 3:19, NW) "Listen" to the voice of the Messiah of Jehovah, earth's new King. "Get out of her, my people." (Rev. 18:4, NW) (Power and Presence of Our Lord Jesus Christ, August 1, 1952, page 473)
https://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1952565
 
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