Minds can reason, but since brains are physical and operate by the laws of physics, they cannot.They are still bound by the laws of physics because they are dependant on the physical. What laws of physics do minds break?
But you still haven't answered my question, what does it mean to say that minds operate according to the laws of logic?
But minds are bound by the laws of physics that brains are bound by. I cannot be an Einstein because of the limitations of my physical brain.Minds can reason, but since brains are physical and operate by the laws of physics, they cannot.
We come to the conclusion something is true because of the evidence.
But next time it probably wont be. Big difference.
So you agree that numbers which are nonphysical entities existed before humans.You misunderstand me about numbers. Yes, I agree that twoness exists, but my point was that a mind realises twoness.
It may FEEL unfair but how do you know it is actually and objectively unfair?It's easy to understand when you're treated unfairly, for example, if a sibling receives preferential treatment, that's unfair.
Hitler thought the jews were being unfair to the German people. So how do you know whose version of unfairness is wrong?As for Hitler, you're going to have to be more specific.
It's difficult to know how to put it, but there are such things as necessary concepts. They are necessary because they can't be other than they are, they are absolute and non contingent and would be true whether a God existed or not. For example, the Idea of the number one can only be about a single thing. The idea of one thing can't be about two things by definition. Whether you can say these concepts exist or not I'm not sure, maybe you can, but they need a mind for them to be realised.So you agree that numbers which are nonphysical entities existed before humans.
Really? You have to ask this? It's unfair because in my example someone is receiving preferential treatment of course. Why would God say something was unfair?It may FEEL unfair but how do you know it is actually and objectively unfair?
It's not hard to understand when someone is being treated unfairly. I certainly don't need a God to tell me that to execute someone, for example a Jewish doctor or nurse who would help others, just for being Jewish is at the very least grossly unfair.Hitler thought the jews were being unfair to the German people. So how do you know whose version of unfairness is wrong?
Christians have Gods moral laws which are based on His objectively existing moral character. Therefore, having an objective basis unlike atheists.How do YOU determine what is fair and when your wronged? How do YOU know Hitler was wrong?
I am guessing you are in the same boat as the rest of us.
Right, such as:Christians have Gods moral laws which are based on His objectively existing moral character. Therefore, having an objective basis unlike atheists.
Atheists do not have such appalling scripture as a basis for morality., and so do not believe slavery - owning another person as property for life - is morally acceptable.
During the American civil war, it was the pro-slavery south - Bible Belt - that used the Bible to argue that they were right.
You can keep God's moral laws. I prefer a system that makes it clear slavery is wrong.
Having a large number of random events does not eliminate the randomness of the events.An individual die roll is random, but the distribution of a large set of dice rolls, is not.
Mutations are die rolls, and evolution is the long (LONG) term distribution of those rolls.
No, that is due to a nonphysical characteristic, ie intelligence.But minds are bound by the laws of physics that brains are bound by. I cannot be an Einstein because of the limitations of my physical brain.
The ability to reason. Physical entities cannot reason, they operate by the laws of physics. The product of the physical brain would just be based on the ratio of chemicals in the brain. But the mind reaches conclusions based on the weighing of evidence and the rationality of argument.You still haven't explained what it means for brains to operate by the laws of logic.
For more abstract reasoning yes, but we quickly learn that ourselves and an eighteen wheeler cannot occupy the same space at the same time and in the same relationship. This is the basic law of noncontradiction. We also learn to communicate based on that law.We all get things wrong and are illogical at times. In fact minds generally have to be taught to be logical.