Which Covenant are you under, the old or the new ?

civic

Active member
Hebrews 8:13- By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and outdated will soon disappear.

Hebrews 10:1-5
For the Law, since it has only a shadow of the good things to come and not the very form of things, can never, by the same sacrifices which they offer continually year by year, make perfect those who draw near. 2 Otherwise, would they not have ceased to be offered, because the worshipers, having once been cleansed, would no longer have had consciousness of sins? 3 But in those sacrifices, there is a reminder of sins year by year. 4 For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.

Hebrews 10:11-14
Day after day every priest stands and performs his religious duties; again and again he offers the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. 12 But when this priest had offered for all time one sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God, 13 and since that time he waits for his enemies to be made his footstool. 14 For by one sacrifice he has made perfect forever those who are being made holy.

Hebrews 10:15-18
The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says:

16 “This is the covenant I will make with them
after that time, says the Lord.
I will put my laws in their hearts,
and I will write them on their minds.”

17 Then he adds: “Their sins and lawless acts
I will remember no more.” 18 And where these have been forgiven, sacrifice for sin is no longer necessary.

Hebrews 9:15-18
For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance—now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant.16 In the case of a will, it is necessary to prove the death of the one who made it, 17 because a will is in force only when somebody has died; it never takes effect while the one who made it is living. 18 This is why even the first covenant was not put into effect without blood.

Ephesians 2:11-22
Therefore remember that at one time you Gentiles in the flesh, called “the uncircumcision” by what is called the circumcision, which is made in the flesh by hands— 12 remember that you were at that time separated from Christ, alienated from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world. 13 But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. 14 For he himself is our peace, who has made us both one and has broken down in his flesh the dividing wall of hostility 15 by abolishing the law of commandments expressed in ordinances, that he might create in himself one new man in place of the two, so making peace, 16 and might reconcile us both to God in one body through the cross, thereby killing the hostility. 17 And he came and preached peace to you who were far off and peace to those who were near. 18 For through him we both have access in one Spirit to the Father. 19 So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God, 20 built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the cornerstone, 21 in whom the whole structure, being joined together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord. 22 In him you also are being built together into a dwelling place for God by the Spirit.

Galatians 3:21-26
Is the law then contrary to the promises of God? Certainly not! For if a law had been given that could give life, then righteousness would indeed be by the law. 22 But the Scripture imprisoned everything under sin, so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.23 Now before faith came, we were held captive under the law, imprisoned until the coming faith would be revealed. 24 So then, the law was our guardian until Christ came, in order that we might be justified by faith. 25 But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a guardian, 26 for in Christ Jesus you are all sons of God, through faith.

2 Corinthians 3:2-11

You are our letter, written in our hearts, known and read by all men; 3 being manifested that you are a letter of Christ, cared for by us, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts.

4 Such confidence we have through Christ toward God. 5 Not that we are adequate in ourselves to consider anything as coming from ourselves, but our adequacy is from God, 6 who also made us adequate as servants of a new covenant, not of the letter but of the Spirit; for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.

7 But if the ministry of death, in letters engraved on stones, came with glory, so that the sons of Israel could not look intently at the face of Moses because of the glory of his face, fading as it was, 8 how will the ministry of the Spirit fail to be even more with glory? 9 For if the ministry of condemnation has glory, much more does the ministry of righteousness abound in glory. 10 For indeed what had glory, in this case has no glory because of the glory that surpasses it. 11 For if that which fades away was with glory, much more that which remains is in glory.

Colossians 2:13-14
And you, who were dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, God made alive together with him, having forgiven us all our trespasses, 14 by canceling the record of debt that stood against us with its legal demands. This he set aside, nailing it to the cross.
 

Redeemed

Member
Hi Civic, I'm going to go with new covenant. I read every Scripture reference in your OP and it helped. There's nothing like reading God's word to realize how blessed we are. I love to study God's word and the topic you chose led me to this book:

God’s Kingdom through God’s Covenants: A Concise Biblical Theology
Copyright © 2015 by Peter J. Gentry and Stephen J. Wellum​

So I'm going to be busy studying this today. Here's a little excerpt from it:

REFERENCES TO THE NEW COVENANT

The prophets spoke of the new covenant in different places at different times in a variety of ways. Five times they refer to the everlasting covenant, three times to a covenant of peace, three times to a promise that God will give his people a new heart and a new spirit, and only once is the phrase “new covenant” actually used. But they are all referring to the same thing:

Major Texts Dealing with the New Covenant


1. Everlasting covenant: Jeremiah 32:36–41; 50:2–5; Ezekiel 37:15–28 (esp. v. 26); Isaiah 55:1–5; 61:8–9.

2. Covenant of peace: Isaiah 54:1–10 (esp. vv. 9–10); Ezekiel 34:20–31 (esp. v. 25); 37:15–28 (esp. v. 26).

3. Promise of a new heart and a new spirit: Ezekiel 11:18–21; 18:30–32; 36:24–32 (esp. v. 26) [cf. Isa. 59:21].

4. New covenant: Jeremiah 31:31–34.

In the New Testament, this same covenant is referred to as the new covenant five times (Luke 22:20; 1 Cor. 11:25; 2 Cor. 3:6; Heb. 8:8; 9:15) and only once as the everlasting covenant (Heb. 13:20). Thus the title for this covenant most used in the Old Testament is employed only once in the New Testament, and the title employed only once in the Old Testament is the most used in the New Testament.​
 

civic

Active member
Hi Civic, I'm going to go with new covenant. I read every Scripture reference in your OP and it helped. There's nothing like reading God's word to realize how blessed we are. I love to study God's word and the topic you chose led me to this book:

God’s Kingdom through God’s Covenants: A Concise Biblical Theology
Copyright © 2015 by Peter J. Gentry and Stephen J. Wellum​

So I'm going to be busy studying this today. Here's a little excerpt from it:

REFERENCES TO THE NEW COVENANT

The prophets spoke of the new covenant in different places at different times in a variety of ways. Five times they refer to the everlasting covenant, three times to a covenant of peace, three times to a promise that God will give his people a new heart and a new spirit, and only once is the phrase “new covenant” actually used. But they are all referring to the same thing:

Major Texts Dealing with the New Covenant


1. Everlasting covenant: Jeremiah 32:36–41; 50:2–5; Ezekiel 37:15–28 (esp. v. 26); Isaiah 55:1–5; 61:8–9.

2. Covenant of peace: Isaiah 54:1–10 (esp. vv. 9–10); Ezekiel 34:20–31 (esp. v. 25); 37:15–28 (esp. v. 26).

3. Promise of a new heart and a new spirit: Ezekiel 11:18–21; 18:30–32; 36:24–32 (esp. v. 26) [cf. Isa. 59:21].

4. New covenant: Jeremiah 31:31–34.

In the New Testament, this same covenant is referred to as the new covenant five times (Luke 22:20; 1 Cor. 11:25; 2 Cor. 3:6; Heb. 8:8; 9:15) and only once as the everlasting covenant (Heb. 13:20). Thus the title for this covenant most used in the Old Testament is employed only once in the New Testament, and the title employed only once in the Old Testament is the most used in the New Testament.​
Its a great topic of study and I'm glad you are digging into Gods word seeking the truth of the New Covenant.
 
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