Wow! That is a really insightful and pertinent question. It uncovers what I believe to be one of the really misunderstood uses of language in this whole baptism question. I'll give you my view, and tell you right up front it you may may not hear it from anyone else. The term "baptism of the Holy Spirit" applies to your citation as well as Acts 2:1–4 and the baptism of Jesus.Hello
I direct your Attention to
Why does Peter still baptize Cornelius with water after he receives the Holy spirit?
I am interested in reading the different takes.
Apart from those three instances it has never happened before or since. Baptism of the Holy Spirit BHS should not be confused with what we might call Spirit baptism as in first Corinthians 12:13. In BHS the word baptism is being used analogically. In the same way they convert is being overwhelmed with water in the baptism ceremony the object of BHS is being overwhelmed by a visible manifestation of God's power to mark the occasion as a principal dividing point in divine history.
BHS has a redemptive purpose, but it is not the occasion of redemption. Daniel 9:27 talks about the 70th week of years where the Messiah will "confirm a covenant with many." And goes on to say " but in the middle of that seven he will put an end to sacrifice and offerings."
My view is the Jesus baptism (a baptism of the Holy Spirit) marks the beginning of the 70th week, Pentecost 3 1/2 years later marks the middle and ending the sacrificial system, and the house of Cornelius exactly 3 1/2 years later marks the admitting of the Gentiles into the church and the end of the 70th week.
So each of these examples of BHS are examples of God putting his imprint on particular moment in time where he overwhelms someone with power from on high which is visible to others to announce the divine significance of these three important moments.
Returning again to my brief mention of first Corinthians 12:13, Spirit Baptism is something that happens in the baptism ceremony. Which is to say that we receive the gift of the Holy Spirit in the indwelling sense, in other words the Holy Spirit changes his mailing address to our heart.
So in Acts 10 BHS occurred in versus 45 and 46 spirit baptism however did not happen until verse 48 as part and parcel of literal Christian baptism.