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Baptize when coming from the market

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  • Baptize when coming from the market

    Jews would Baptize when coming from the market and before they ate

    Mark 7:3-4 (KJV)
    3 For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, except they wash their hands oft, eat not, holding the tradition of the elders.
    4 And when they come from the market, except they wash, they eat not. And many other things there be, which they have received to hold, as the washing of cups, and pots, brasen vessels, and of tables.

    Wash in verse 4 is strongs #907

    Greek Strong's Number: 907
    Greek Word: βαπτίζω
    Transliteration: baptizō
    Phonetic Pronunciation:[IMG]file:///C:/ProgramData/WORDsearch/Library/Strongs/file:///C:/ProgramData/WORDsearch/Wordsearch%252012/Cache/Linked/images/nuspkr.png[/IMG]bap-tid'-zo
    Root: from a derivative of <G911>
    Cross Reference: TDNT - 1:529,92
    Part of Speech: verb
    Vine's Words: Baptism, Baptist, Baptize, Wash

    Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.

    Washing also in verse 4 is Strongs # 909

    Greek Strong's Number: 909
    Greek Word: βαπτισμός
    Transliteration: baptismos
    Phonetic Pronunciation:[IMG]file:///C:/ProgramData/WORDsearch/Library/Strongs/file:///C:/ProgramData/WORDsearch/Wordsearch%252012/Cache/Linked/images/nuspkr.png[/IMG]bap-tis-mos'
    Root: from <G907>
    Cross Reference: TDNT - 1:545,92
    Part of Speech: n m
    Vine's Words: Baptism, Baptist, Baptize, Washing

    Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.

    This is reflected in Youngs Literal translation

    Mark 7:4 (YLT)
    4 and, coming from the market-place, if they do not baptize themselves, they do not eat; and many other things there are that they received to hold, baptisms of cups, and pots, and brazen vessels, and couches.

    Parallel is Luke 11:38

    Luke 11:38 (NASB77)
    38 And when the Pharisee saw it, he was surprised that He had not first ceremonially washed before the meal.

    Washed in Strongs #907 in 5the text behind the NASB

    Once again Young's Literal translation reveals the truth

    Luke 11:38 (YLT)
    38 and the Pharisee having seen, did wonder that he did not first baptize himself before the dinner.

    Now wash in Mark 7:3 of the KJV is Strong's # 3528

    Greek Strong's Number: 3538
    Greek Word: νίπτω
    Transliteration: niptō
    Phonetic Pronunciation:[IMG]file:///C:/ProgramData/WORDsearch/Library/Strongs/file:///C:/ProgramData/WORDsearch/Wordsearch%252012/Cache/Linked/images/nuspkr.png[/IMG]nip'-to
    Root: to cleanse (especially the hands or the feet or the face)
    Cross Reference: TDNT - 4:946,635
    Part of Speech: v
    Vine's Words: Wash

    Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.

    Alexander Campbell has an interesting translation of the verse in his Living Oracles translation

    Mark 7:3 (LO)
    3 (for the Pharisees, and indeed all the Jews who observed the tradition of the elders, eat not until they have have washed their hands by pouring a little water upon them:

    He notes the baptizing is done by means of pouring

    The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia agrees and notes

    3. The Typical Ewer of the East
    (1) The well-known eastern mode of washing the hands was and is by pouring water on the hands, not by dipping them in water, an act, of course, calling for the aid of an attendant. Elisha “poured water on the hands of Elijah” (2 K 3:11; see Kitto’s note in Pictorial Bible2, II, 330). A disciple came to be known as “one who poured water on the hands of another.” Such was beyond question the prevailing custom among the ancient Hebrews, as it was, and is, among eastern peoples in general. They incline to look with disgust, if not with horror, upon our western practice of washing face and hands in water retained in a basin. The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia

    In the NT, “basin” occurs only in Jn. 13:5 (GK. niptḗr < níptō, “wash off”). Hands and feet were washed by pouring water on them, not by putting them into a basin of water. In order to purify, water should run. This is the general oriental conception to this day. The method of washing by using water in a basin is considered “washing in one’s own uncleanness.” Washing by pouring water is to be supposed in texts such as Gen. 18:4; 19:2; Lev. 15:11, 1 S. 25:41, and is explicit in 2 K. 3:11. So the niptḗr of Jn. 13:5 is not a basin to wash the feet in, but rather a jug of water to pour over the feet
    The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia

    Let God's word speak and everyman be silent